In theme 2 we look at aspects of data and how the information professional can and should create an impact in this area. I was recently reading on the Information Today blog a piece on how academic librarians in particular can take on the research and management of data. It is an interesting piece by Andrew Cox and examines the links between data management and skills needed in a professional librarian role today. He looks at how the importance of big data has grown from being just the level below information on the knowledge pyramid to the top consideration in enabling organisations to operate, grow and compete on the world stage. He considers how this has come about through the effects of the rise of big data and the concerns it has raised along with the abilities it has given us to gain greater knowledge and understanding of the world around us. Read the full article here https://www.infotoday.eu/Articles/Editorial/Featured-Articles/Academic-librarianship-as-a-data-profession-125376.aspx
Data governance, literacy and quality are all big featured concerns in this year’s survey. We have seen and discussed the quality of data and information throughout the year with the rise in fake news being published not always deliberately but sometimes with a mis-understanding and mis-use of the underlying data which at the very best has led to a mis-interpretation of the data. Also, in the news has been the reported detrimental effects of utilising machines for analysis of large data sets without the relevant context for interpretation. So, whilst it has been feared in some circles that the rise of big data and machine search and analysis would adversely impact on jobs and employment, it turns out that library and information professionals have never been more needed in order to check the analysis and add valuable context to the data to ensure a true interpretation.
Understanding data, how to search for it and teaching others how to check the quality of the data they are gathering is now considered a key skill across all sectors. Managing that data internally, creating appropriate policies to ensure that the data is not kept beyond its life span is equally important particularly with new international policies such as General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) coming into force. Compliance with data regulations has taken a rise to the forefront as general public in particular have become more and more aware of data, its use and importance. We have discussed both in the Journal and blog posts on how data has been used and mis-used to manipulate or influence situations including the impact on the American Presidential Campaign. Information professionals have the specialist knowledge and skills to support organisations in this area ensuring the correct management of internal data, research of external data and interpretation of large data sets.
As specialists in this profession library and information professionals are also of great value in ensuring the ethical use of data to gain information and intelligence. We have all read about the Cambridge Analytica and Facebook scandal, there have also been reports about other big players including YouTube allegedly collecting and improperly using children’s data. Any news item about the potential mis-use of data can have a lasting detrimental impact on both organisations and individuals involved. The importance of the ethical use of data is seen in the new framework guidelines on procuring data analytics that the UK Government has produced for civil servants. The Data Ethics Framework (https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/data-ethics-framework/data-ethics-framework#the-data-ethics-workbook) highlights the focus the Government has on ensuring that the data they collect and use is done so appropriately and ethically. There is an interesting article and commentary on the Governments data plans by Rebecca Hill in The Register here https://www.theregister.co.uk/2018/06/14/data_ethics_centre_framework_government_ai_announcements/
Look out for what our research has uncovered specifically on these aspects of data and data management for information departments across industry sectors in September’s Business Information Review.